William Schief, PhD

Department of Immunology and Microbiology
California Campus


Scripps Research Joint Appointments

Faculty, Graduate Program

Other Joint Appointments

The Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard (Associate Member)
IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute


Ph.D. (Physics), University of Washington, 1999
B.S. (Applied Mathematics), Yale University, 1989

Professional Experience

2011-2014 Associate Professor of Immunology, Immunology and Microbial Science (IMS), Scripps Research

Selected References

All Publications

Moyer, T. J., Kato, Y., Abraham, W., Chang, J. Y. H., Kulp, D. W., Watson, N., Turner, H. L., Menis, S., Abbott, R. K., Bhiman, J. N., Melo, M. B., Simon, H. A., et al. Engineered immunogen binding to alum adjuvant enhances humoral immunity. (2020). Nature Medicine, 26(3), 430-440. PMCID: PMC7069805.

Rantalainen, K., Berndsen, Z. T., Antanasijevic, A., Schiffner, T., Zhang, X., Lee, W. H., Torres, J. L., Zhang, L., Irimia, A., Copps, J., Zhou, K. H., Kwon, Y. D., et al. HIV-1 Envelope and MPER Antibody Structures in Lipid Assemblies. (2020). Cell Reports, 31. PMCID: PMC7196886.

Xu, Z. Y., Wise, M. C., Chokkalingam, N., Walker, S., Tello-Ruiz, E., Elliott, S. T. C., Perales-Puchalt, A., Xiao, P., Zhu, X. Z., Pumroy, R. A., Fisher, P. D., Schultheis, K., et al. In vivo assembly of nanoparticles achieved through synergy of structure-based protein engineering and synthetic DNA generates enhanced adaptive immunity. (2020). Advanced Science,

Veneziano, R., Moyer, T. J., Stone, M. B., Wamhoff, E. C., Read, B. J., Mukherjee, S., Shepherd, T. R., Das, J., Schief, W. R., Irvine, D. J. & Bathe, M. Role of nanoscale antigen organization on B-cell activation probed using DNA origami. (2020). Nature Nanotechnology,

Steichen, J. M., Lin, Y. C., Havenar-Daughton, C., Pecetta, S., Ozorowski, G., Willis, J. R., Toy, L., Sok, D., Liguori, A., Kratochvil, S., Torres, J. L., Kalyuzhniy, O., et al. A generalized HIV vaccine design strategy for priming of broadly neutralizing antibody responses. (2019). Science, 366.

Frenz, B., Ramisch, S., Borst, A. J., Walls, A. C., Adolf-Bryfogle, J., Schief, W. R., Veesler, D. & DiMaio, F. Automatically fixing errors in glycoprotein structures with Rosetta. (2019). Structure, 27(1), 134-139.

Boopathy, A. V., Mandal, A., Kulp, D. W., Menis, S., Bennett, N. R., Watkins, H. C., Wang, W., Martin, J. T., Thai, N. T., He, Y., Schief, W. R., Hammond, P. T., et al. Enhancing humoral immunity via sustained-release implantable microneedle patch vaccination. (2019). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(33), 16473-16478. PMCID: PMC6697788.

Melo, M., Porter, E., Zhang, Y., Silva, M., Li, N., Dobosh, B., Liguori, A., Skog, P., Landais, E., Menis, S., Sok, D., Nemazee, D., et al. Immunogenicity of RNA replicons encoding HIV Env immunogens designed for self-assembly into nanoparticles. (2019). Molecular Therapy, 27(12), 2080-2090. PMCID: PMC6904793.

Tokatlian, T., Read, B. J., Jones, C. A., Kulp, D. W., Menis, S., Chang, J. Y. H., Steichen, J. M., Kumari, S., Allen, J. D., Dane, E. L., Liguori, A., Sangesland, M., et al. Innate immune recognition of glycans targets HIV nanoparticle immunogens to germinal centers. (2019). Science, 363(6427), 649-654.

McLeod, B., Miura, K., Scally, S. W., Bosch, A., Nguyen, N., Shin, H. J., Kim, D., Volkmuth, W., Ramisch, S., Chichester, J. A., Streatfield, S., Woods, C., et al. Potent antibody lineage against malaria transmission elicited by human vaccination with Pfs25. (2019). Nature Communications, 10. PMCID: PMC6760140.