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Sleep Disorders

Description

Sleeping problems are one of the most common medical concerns of the United States population. Insomnia is often taken for granted by the typical American as part of living in a fast paced world. Although insomnia is the most common of the sleep disorders, it is not the most disabling. Sleep disordered breathing is far more serious. Sleep disordered breathing is defined as any alteration in the respiratory pattern that occurs during sleep. It can be divided into two categories: sleep apnea (the cessation of breathing), or sleep hypopnea (a decrease in airflow during sleep). Excessive daytime sleepiness and loud and disruptive snoring characterize sleep apnea. Sleep apnea may cause a person's breathing to stop hundreds of times throughout the night.

Who is at Risk?

Sleep apnea is more common in men than women and has long been associated with obesity. The "typical" patient with severe sleep apnea is a middle-aged male who is significantly overweight, snores loudly, and suffers from marked daytime sleepiness. Recent studies have suggested that neck size is a better predictor of sleep apnea than obesity alone. Other anatomic abnormalities that decrease the airway size, can be: enlarged tonsils, tongue or jaw abnormalities, or some congenital deformities. All lead to an increased risk of sleep apnea.

Sources: IMA, Inc., Alexian Brothers Medical Center

Recent Sleep Disorder Research and News at The Scripps Research Institute

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